[SIGCIS-Members] e for eGovernment

James Sumner james.sumner at manchester.ac.uk
Tue Mar 6 08:32:12 PST 2012

Great question. As discussed recently on this list, the OED dates 
"E-mail" to 1979, and the term became commonplace (among relevant user 
groups) some time in the early 80s. The first parallel formation which 
the OED notes is "E-Fit" (computer-enabled photofit), which it first 
finds in 1988. Then a succession of extensions mostly related to 
electronic publishing:

1990    Database (Weston, Connecticut) Dec. 7/2   Please do not hesitate 
to send any e-texts you might find to the Gutenberg listserver address.
1991    Academic & Libr. Computing (Nexis) Nov. 5   Things are still in 
an infancy. Almost all e-journals have started only since 1990.
1993    Wired Feb. 112/1   Chaos Control stands out among e-mags because 
about 80 percent of its articles are readable, thoughtful criticisms.
1994    Amer. Scientist Oct. 417/1   The archive of e-prints at the 
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.
1995    Computer Weekly 13 Apr. 41/3   Starting with a modest conversion 
rate of 10 books a year in 1991,‥the project hopes that by the year 2001 
it will have a library of some 10,000 E-texts.
1997    Chicago Rev. (Electronic ed.) 22 Sept.,   Given the fluid, 
evolving nature of the Internet, many e-publications are inventing new 
formats that transcend traditional categories of print publications.
1998    SoftBase (Electronic ed.) 30 May,   There are e-journals on the 
Web that are as authoritative as print journals.
1999    N.Y. Rev. Bks. 18 Mar. 7/1   An e-dissertation could contain 
virtually unlimited appendices and databases.
2000    Personal Computer World Nov. 266/1   Though edocuments are the 
future, we still love to pass around little pieces of paper, so printing 
will be with us for a while.

Conceptually broader uses are first noted a little later:

1993    Globe & Mail (Toronto) 20 Dec. b9/4   [He] has ambitious plans 
to make the telephone an electronic gateway for consumers. ‘We call it 
the E-door.’
1998    Wired Feb. 145/3   Some exiles have used email to spam the 
island's digerati with political diatribes.‥ The only effect these 
e-commandoes have is to put the recipients at risk of losing their jobs.
1999    Campaign 2 July 2/1   Wild and wacky stuff like the outpost.com, 
Hollywood video and Seattle Sonics is relatively peripheral, rare gems 
(if you think Outpost a gem) among the sea of car sector mediocrity and 
2000    W. Holden in J. Adams et al. Girls' Night In 197   She hadn't 
imagined e-flirting to be the equivalent of grand-master chess.
2000    Sunday Herald (Glasgow) 20 Feb. (Seven Days section) 7/1   As 
society fractures into information haves and have-nots those who are not 
hotwired for progress will be left helpless, as jobs and success follow 
those with good e-credentials.
2001    Vanity Fair Mar. 128   Can e-art triumph where e-furniture failed?

Doesn't get us to the more programmatic social uses, but hope this is of 
some help...


On 06/03/2012 14:48, Taylor-Smith, Ella wrote:
> Hi
>   I'm new to this list, so please forgive me if this question has been asked before.
> Does anyone know when and where terms like eGovernment, eDemocracy and ePetitions came about?
> Or  e-government, e-democracy and e-petitions, as they were 10 years ago.
> I'm particularly interested in the term eParticipation, but it's clear that it derived from eDemocracy etc
> (or it certainly seemed to, in my experience of its appearance)
> Thanks for your help
> -Ella
> Ella Taylor-Smith
> Institute for Informatics and Digital Innovation
> Edinburgh Napier University
> 10 Colinton Road
> Edinburgh, EH10 5DT
> Telephone: +44 (0) 131 455 2392
> Email: e.taylor-smith at napier.ac.uk
> http://www.iidi.napier.ac.uk/e.taylor-smith
> @EllaTasm
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> @OnlineAmbition
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